Si9000e PCB field solver extracts insertion loss, RLGC and s-parameters Brochure 

Si9000e graphs all losses


View Si9000e video – compare modeled insertion loss with VNA measurement  

Si9000e fast accurate PCB transmission line modeling.

With its fast, accurate, frequency-dependent transmission line modeling, the Si9000e is designed to model transmission line loss, impedance at given frequencies and extract full transmission line parameters over a wide range of popular PCB transmission lines (over 100 structures). Employing boundary element method field solving, the Si9000e extracts RLGC matrices and rapidly plots a range of transmission line information for the structure you are designing. Loss is graphed three ways with clear indication of dielectric, copper and total loss and from 2017 includes Hammerstad, Groisse and Huray methods for rougnhess modeling:

  • Links with Speedstack as Speedstack Si

  • Si Projects option with Speedstack saves structure groups

  • Roughness modeling / Smooth / Hammerstad / Groisse / Huray

  • Inbuilt impedance graphing

  • Graphs conductor, dielectric and insertion loss

  • At-a-glance comprehensive S-parameter charting – magnitude, phase and Smith charts

  • Single-ended and Mixed-mode S-parameters charting and data tables

  • User defined S-parameter source and termination impedance

  • Frequency dependent modeling down to 1KHz

  • Go/no go via stub check


Si9000e graphs all losses – conductor, dielectric and insertion loss. The Si9000e caters for both single and multiple dielectric builds, and comes with the ability to take into account solder mask performance. Mask coverage can be set adjacent, between and above traces. Many Polar customers request frequency-dependent impedance modelling, with particular reference to transmission line losses – the result is the Si9000e. The Si9000e is built on the same proven boundary element field solving platform as the PCB fabrication industry standard Si8000m. Increasing numbers of engineers are using the Si8000m as a rapid and accurate design tool for transmission line impedance – the Si9000e extends the output to extract full transmission line parameters.

Powerful S-parameter graphing

With the Si9000e PCB Transmission Line Field Solver you can view the full range of 2 and 4-port S-parameters in a single chart window.

Click on the links below to display the full range of 4-port S-parameters data series, S11 — S44.


 Smith chart

Mixed mode

The Si9000e provides a comprehensive range of data presentation in both tabular and chart form with the option of single-ended and mixed-mode S-parameters.

Single ended mixed mode

Differential mixed mode

The differential S-parameters, SDD11, for an edge-coupled surface microstrip are shown below.

Frequency-dependent calculations

Employing its Boundary Element Method field solving, the Si9000e extracts RLGC matrices and 2-Port (single-ended) or 4-Port (differential) S-Parameters and rapidly plots transmission line information for the structure under design. Graphing against frequency is provided for impedance magnitude, loss (conductor loss, dielectric loss and insertion loss), inductance, capacitance, resistance, conductance and skin depth. The Polar Si9000e runs within the Microsoft Windows environment and provides for simple transfer of table data to external programs such as spreadsheets or databases for subsequent analysis.

Si9000e graphs

Impedance magnitude with frequency

Impedance magnitude with frequency

Conductance v frequency

Conductance v frequency

Skin depth v frequency

Skin depth v frequency

Extended substrate tables

The Si9000e frequency-dependent calculations can be refined using extended substrate data. Assign substrate values by frequency band to accommodate material from manufacturers who specify parameters that vary by frequency. Manufacturers may specify, for example, differing values of Er and loss tangent across a range of frequencies.

Extended substrate data tables

Extended substrate data tables


For frequency dependent calculations the Si9000e calculation engine supports lower frequencies down to 1KHz.

Via stub check

The Si9000 incorporates a Via Stub check that provides a simple color coded go/no go check on the potential for signal distortion of a via stub. The effects of the stub will increase as the stub length and Er increase and the signal rise time reduces. The Si9000e Via Stub Check supports three modes:

  • Stub Length, Effective Er and Bit Rate Frequency

  • Stub Length, Effective Er and Single Frequency

  • Stub Length, Effective Er and Rise Time

Via stub check graphic Via stub check settings

Polar Application Note AP8166 (Vias, stubs and minimizing their visibility to high speed signals) explains how to check if, at your desired bit rate or operating frequency, you need to take steps to reduce or remove the effects of via stubs.

High layer-count builds

For those working with complex high layer-count builds the Si9000e also links to the Polar Speedstack PCB Stackup Design System and is available in the Speedstack Si package. Using the Speedstack Si allows you to keep all your stack design data in one convenient file – and you can draw library material from your fabricator or from base material suppliers in the Polar Material Partner program.

Designed to save you time compared with traditional methods, the Si9000e lets you choose graphically the structure you need to model and enter the geometric and material data and the range of frequencies under analysis. Select the graphs or table you need and the Si9000e solves for the results. Advanced users may also enter available data for Er and TanD versus frequency – the Si9000e will take these into account. 

Single ended:

Impedance magnitude
Skin depth
Insertion loss S21
Conductor loss dB
Dielectric loss in dB
Propagation velocity
Propagation delay
2 Port S-parameters


Impedance magnitude
Skin depth
Insertion loss S21
Conductor loss dB
Dielectric loss dB
Differential prop velocity
Differential delay
Odd mode Z magnitude
Even mode Z magnitude
4-Port S-parameters


Please take a look at the Signal Integrity/Loss Application Notes — you will gain maximum benefit from your Si9000e if you read these supporting notes. These brief articles help you translate the precision output of your field solver into practical real world PCBs with good production yields.

Ask us about support packages for your Si9000e.

System requirements

For PC system requirements for Si9000e see AP605

License options

Si9000e Field Solver options

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